The rift valley is a funnel shaped depression that opens up in the northeast in to Gulf of Aden and red Sea and crosses Ethiopia from northeast, Afar area to southwest, lower Omo area. It is formed as a result of the volcanic movement of tertiary period. During that period there was extensive lava outpouring followed by a great uplifting movement of earth and the crust of the earth was pushed up to 3000m.
Eventually, the uplift movement and the removal of magma from beneath the crust weakened the central part of the arch. This resulted in cracks and rift valley was created. Several lakes were created, too.
Day 1: Arrive at Addis Ababa and city tour. O/N Ghion hotel.
After breakfast drive to Arbaminch. En route, visit; Melka Kunture archaeological site discovered in 1963 and yielded many eco-facts and artifacts that date back to 1.7 million years ago. Then, proceed to Addadi Mariam rock hewn church established in the 12th century by Lalibela. The church has 12 gates and 24 windows those represent the 12 apostles and the 24 priests of the sky to mean in the heaven. After picnic lunch proceed to Tiya where several megalithic stele can be seen. These steles have engravings of green plants that are common food for the local community and household tools. O/N Hotel.
Day 2: After breakfast, drive to Nechisar National Park for game viewing. Mammals like Burchel’s zebra, Gazelles, Kudus, Dikdiks, Swayness hurt beast, etc and many birds can be seen. After lunch, boat trip on Lake Chamo where crocodiles can be seen in abundance. This place is locally known as the crocodile market since several crocodiles can be seen at a time. Hippos and plenty of birds; like storks, Egyptian goose, herons etc. can also be seen. O/N Tourist Hotel.
Day 3: After breakfast ascend to Chencha highland to visit the Dorze village of intricately woven Bamboo huts. In addition to the village the mildly cool weather and the scenery make Chencha worth visiting and then drive to Konso. The Konso people are famous for their natural resource conservation activities like, terracing for water and soil conservation. They are also known for wood carving art. Visit the red soil pinnacle carved by erosion, Gesergiyo village, and Waga village for the woodcarvings erected as a mark of tomb. O/N camp/Hotel.
Day 4: After breakfast drive to Jinka, on the way visit the Gidole, Tsemay, Bena, and Ari people. After arrival at Jinka and check-in to Jinka Resort Hotel, drive or walk to visit the ethnological museum, that is located on the cliff. O/N Hotel.
Day 5: In the morning, drive through Mago National Park; visit the Mursi people famous for the clay disc the female insert in to their lower lips as a mark of beauty. As the larger the disc is, the more beautiful the lady is. O/N Camping.
Day 6: Start rafting through the villages of Hana Mursi, the villages of Bume Peoples. O/N Camping.
Day 7: Visit the Mursi and the Bumi Peoples, raft and camp by Kupria, which are the village of Bume Peoples.
Day 8: Visit Mursi and Mugugi Peoples and raft to Koritcho, which is the village of Karo Peoples. O/N camping, at the bank of Omo River with a very nice view of the Omo river as well as Mago Park.
Day 9: After breakfast and visit of the Karo Peoples, drive to Turmi, to visit the Hammer people known for their dancing known as Evangadi, occasional bull jumping as a mark of promotion for the young men from childhood to adulthood, jewelries; like copper bracelets, beads etc and hairstyle. O/N camping.
Note: Thursday, Saturday and Monday are the market days of Keyafer, Dimeka and Turmi respectively, where the surrounding people gather in large number.
Day 10: After breakfast, drive to Omorate (75km.), cross the river Omo to visit the Geleb (Dassenech) people. These people are mainly pastoralists and to some extent they also produce grains. The Geleb people have their own cultural dressing style. The unmarried girls wear leather skirt with double flaps where as the married ones wear a single flap skirt. Then, drive back to Turmi for over night camping.
Day 11: After breakfast drives to Yabello via Konso, Erbore. The Erbore are people with culture and language that relates to those of the Konso and the Tsemay. on the way glimpse to the way of life of the Borena, pastoralist people. O/N Camp/Hotel.
Day 12: Drive to visit the Crater Lake at a place locally known as El Soda, 100km. South of Yabello town and visit one of the cattle watering wells, where people haul up water from depth for their cattle & other animals. People sing a song to moralize themselves while they are on work, for which reason those wells are known as singing well. O/N, Hotel/ tent at Yabello Motel.
Day 13: After breakfast drive to Wondo-genet via Awassa. On the way visit the Sidamo verdant plain renown for the best quality coffee production. Boat trip on lake Awassa; visit the fish market where a number of species of birds (like Marabou Stork, Herons, Cormorants, Pelicans, King fishers etc) can be seen. Lunch at Awassa, and proceed to Wondo-genet, relax at the thermal swimming pool. O/N Wabi-Shebelle Hotel.
Day 14: Drive to Kurifu Resort and Spa that is located at one of the crater lake of Debre Ziet for its complete spa, therapeutic center and swimming pool. O/N, kuriftu Resort & Spa.
Day 15: After breakfast dive back to Addis Ababa and free for leisure.